The 9 Most In-Demand Programming Languages of 2016

Glassdoor recently published a report on the top 25 lucrative, in-demand jobs. More than half of the jobs listed are in tech and require programming skills. If you’re interested in a fast-growing and lucrative career, you might want to make learning to code next on your checklist!

Next, comes the hard part – deciding on the best programming language to learn.

To help narrow things down, we compiled data from Indeed.com (database including current computer programmer jobs). While this isn’t an extensive list, it does provide insight into the most in-demand programming languages sought after by employers.

Breakdown of the 9 Most In-Demand Programming Languages

1. SQL
It’s no surprise SQL (pronounced ‘sequel’) tops the job list since it can be found far and wide in various flavors. Database technologies such as MySQL, PostgreSQL and Microsoft SQL Server power big businesses, small businesses, hospitals, banks, universities. Indeed, just about every computer and person with access to technology eventually touches something SQL. For instance, all Android phones and iPhones have access to a SQL database called SQLite and many mobile apps developed Google, Skype and DropBox use it directly.

2. Java
The tech community recently celebrated the 20th anniversary of Java. It’s one of the most widely adopted programming languages, used by some 9 million developers and running on 7 billion devices worldwide. It’s also the programming language used to develop all native Android apps. Java’s popularity with developers is due to the fact that the language is grounded in readability and simplicity. Java has staying power since it has long-term compatibility, which makes sure older applications continue to work now into the future. It’s not going anywhere anytime soon and is used to power company websites like LinkedIn.com, Netflix.com and Amazon.com. For more info behind Java’s popularity, see our beginner’s guide to Java.

3. JavaScript
JavaScript – not to be confused with Java or mean stack development – is another one of the world’s most popular and powerful programming languages, and is used to spice up web pages by making them interactive. For example, JavaScript can be used to add effects to web pages, display pop-up messages or to create games with basic functionality. It’s also worth noting that JavaScript is the scripting language of the World Wide Web and is built right into all major web browsers including Internet Explorer, FireFox and Safari. Almost every website incorporates some element of JavaScript to add to the user experience, adding to the demand for JavaScript developers. In recent years JavaScript has also gained use as the foundation of Node.js, a server technology that among other things enables real-time communication.

4. C#
Dating from 2000, C# (pronounced C-sharp) is a relatively new programming language designed by Microsoft for a wide range of enterprise applications that run on the .NET Framework. An evolution of C and C++, the C# language is simple, modern, type safe and object oriented.

5. C++
C++ (pronounced C-plus-plus) is a general purpose object-oriented programming language based on the earlier ‘C’ language. Developed by Bjarne Stroustrup at Bell Labs, C++ was first released in 1983. Stroustrup keeps an extensive list of applications written in C++. The list includes Adobe and Microsoft applications, MongoDB databases, large portions of Mac OS/X and is the best language to learn for performance-critical applications such as “twitch” game development or audio/video processing.

6. Python
Python is a general purpose programming language that was named after the Monty Python (so you know it’s fun to work with)! Python is simple and incredibly readable since it closely resembles the English language. It’s a great language for beginners, all the way up to seasoned professionals. Python recently bumped Java as the language of choice in introductory programming courses with eight of the top 10 computer science departments now using Python to teach coding, as well as 27 of the top 39 schools. Because of Python’s use in the educational realm, there are a lot of libraries created for Python related to mathematics, physics and natural processing. PBS, NASA and Reddit use Python for their websites.

7. PHP
Created by Danish-Canadian programmer Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994, PHP was never actually intended to be a new programming language. Instead, it was created to be a set of tools to help Rasmus maintain his Personal Home Page (PHP). Today, PHP (Hypertext Pre-Processor) is a scripting language, running on the server, which can be used to create web pages written in HTML. PHP tends to be a popular languages since its easy-to use by new programmers, but also offers tons of advanced features for more experienced programmers.

8. Ruby on Rails
Like Java or the C language, Ruby is a general purpose programming language, though it is best known for its use in web programming, and Rails serves as a framework for the Ruby Language. Ruby on Rails has many positive qualities including rapid development, you don’t need as much code, and there are a wide variety of 3rd party libraries available. It’s used from companies ranging from small start-ups to large enterprises and everything in-between. Hulu, Twitter, Github and Living Social are using Ruby on Rails for at least one of their web applications.

9. iOS/Swift
In 2014, Apple decided to invent their own programming language. The result was iOS Swift – a new programming language for iOS and OS X developers to create their next killer app. Developers will find that many parts of Swift are familiar from their experience of developing in C++ and Objective-C. Companies including American Airlines, LinkedIn, and Duolingo have been quick to adopt Swift, and we’ll see this language on the rise in the coming years.

Any great craftsman has a belt full of tools, each a perfect choice for certain situations. Similarly, there will never be just a single programming language, and each language will evolve and improve over time to keep pace with innovation.

Employees Monitoring: A Trend or Necessity

In the corporate world, where everyone works for their profit, then security of company’s privacy is the main concern for the enterprise. The main resources of these industries are human resource, and the employees of these firms handle all the main functions of the firm. So this could be the best reason for spying the employees. All the employees whose work is associated with the all the bills and handle the entire private documents of the firm need to be a spy. There are many things that will help you in making your spying work easy; the truth spy is one of them.

If we took a look in the corporate world, almost every company is spying on their employees; because of this technically advanced scenario people have countless techniques to get all the private documents of a company, and also to use it for their profit. In this corporate world everyone is busy in the rat race for getting on the top. This could be a reason why you cannot trust even on your employees. If any of the private information is leaked, then it could make a huge loss for your business organization.

Even in such technical advanced world, the owners of these business organizations are still feeling helpless, when it comes to the privacy of the business organization. This could be one of the biggest drawbacks of this technical advancement, but these spy apps and software to some extent provides you the best supervision over your employees. These spying apps will help you in making things better and safe for your business organization.

Tracking location of your employees

Tracking live location of an employee can give you hint about what your employee is doing and where. Also in this technical world, most of the deals are done thorough the technical devices and technologies like mobile phone and internet. You can also check that your employee is on time in meeting with the clients and his colleagues. Through GPS location tracking it becomes simple for everyone to check the location of your employee. With this, you can check the current location, location history, and also you can check that your employee is not visiting the restricted places.

Checking and tracing the calls

There is the very minimum amount of threat from the people outside the office, but you need to think about the major threat. A black sheep in the heard of all the employees, which could be the most threatening for your business future, that will surely not safe for your organization. This could be the main reason why employees do not feel safe for the secrets of the firm. In the past, there are many such cases where secrets of a company get leaked to the competitors, and it leads to a huge loss to the company, so it is important to keep safe the secrets of the company. Employees are the only medium for getting this information out of the office premises.

So tracing their mobile and check all the calls of the employees, is one of a measure that a company can take to keep the information of a firm safe.

Best usage of ideal time

Many employees in firms waste their time on social media and cell phones. This is the major cause of low productivity, and less efficiency in the companies work. Tracking cell phones and computer system of all the employees just to check what all things they do in the working hours of the office, is the best way. You can check this with the help of the truth spy.

This way you can secure your time and keep your team effective in working. This will also help you in saving the major parts of the company’s bills. This could help you in developing a sense of responsibility in your employees, and also do not distract the mind of your employees.

Keep attention on all incoming and outgoing E-mails

The truth spy provides to a key that will help you in entering email ID of your employee so that you can check their emails. In the corporate world, almost every work is done via the internet, through e-mails. This is a sufficient reason for tracking their emails. You can check, except his colleagues and clients what all emails are sent and received by your employee. Many times your employee’s mind gets distracted by money, and then he or she uses his or her privileges in a wrong way. So here comes the need of spying on them.

Control on your device from distances

In this technical world, people use their Smartphone to save their private data. But there are very high chances that your devices get hacked or get stolen. So by using spying app, you can control your device being far from it. You can lock your device; you can delete all the data from that and also you can upload all your data to cloud storage. You can do all these things being remote from your device. So this way you can save all your data from getting leaked.

Employee Monitoring Software With TheTruthSpy

There are many such software and devices such as TheTruthSpy that will help you in keeping your entire information safe from leaking to other competitors. With innovating new things and new projects, you also have to keep this information compressed only till the meeting room, because if that gets leaked then someone else can use that information for their profit, and you have to face a huge loss. So this creates the need of spying on your employees.

But you need to keep few things in your mind that you should not abolish privacy of your employee, just because you want to keep all your information safe. But spying is becoming a trend for everyone, but sometimes it plays a very important role for a business organization. So you need tom make it clear that whenever you strongly need spying, and then only you use this technique. So this way you can give a complete ground for privacy for your employees and where ever it is important you can tell us e it effectively.

Chris Cornell, Searching for Solitude

On a soundstage done up to resemble a demented interrogation chamber, Chris Cornell is shackled to a perforated metal dentist’s chair of a sort you imagine Trent Reznor has stored in his garage somewhere. Frances Farmer-grade Velcro restraints bind his wrists to a dull gunmetal crossbar that projects from the chair’s back; his temples sprout shiny plastic things that are supposed to be electrodes, but which more closely resemble bubble-packed Drixoral tablets with wires coming out of them. His baggy sharkskin suit is puckered with exertion and sweat.

On Stage 2 of L.A.’s Occidental Studios, the new Soundgarden video is being filmed. Jerry Casale, who used to play bass in Devo but specializes now in directing apocalyptic videos for guitar bands, gestures toward a P.A., who begins to wrap a thick leather strap around Cornell’s forehead, immobilizing the singer in a position halfway between Malcolm McDowell’s posture of repentance in Kubrick’s Clockwork Orange and Cornell’s own patented Jesus Christ pose.

The video is for Soundgarden’s Beatles-tinged agony epic, “Blow Up the Outside World,” and Casale intends to blow up as much of it as possible on this soundstage. Beavis and Butt-head are going to like this one.

“Is it too warm for you in here?” a gofer asks Cornell. “Would you like a drink of water? Can I get you some cookies to munch on while they set up the shot?”

“Is there going to be a grip nearby?” Cornell cracks, avoiding her eyes to the extent that it is possible for him to do anything at all in three hundred pounds of bondage gear. “I mean, in case I need somebody to scratch my nose.”

The P.A. cinches the strap tight across Cornell’s scalp. He shudders with pain.

“When I give the signal, could you twitch a little?” asks Casale. “To make it look as if you’re really being shocked.”

Cornell strains to flip Casale the finger, but the restraints on his wrists limit his gesture to a mile spasm.

“Hmmmmm,” Casale says. “Perfect.”
If you were Chris Cornell, you would have two Grammys, six albums (seven, if you count Temple of the Dog), and three Pomeranians. Posters of your bare chest would be on the walls of teenagers all over the world. You would spend your mornings wake-surfing near your cabin on Puget Sound; your afternoons snowboarding in the Cascades. Your last album would have sold over five million copies in the United States; your current one, the splendid if art-damaged heavy-rock opus Down on the Upside, would already have sold two million in six months. With Aerosmith imploding, Pearl Jam threatened by willful obscurity, and Metallica slumping into boogie-band senescence, you would be the lead singer and principal songwriter of what is poised to be the Greatest Hard Rock Band in the World.

And sometimes—for days, maybe weeks on end—you would be afraid to leave your house.

It’s not that Cornell has been necessarily wounded by fame or anything—he’s not pulling a Billy Corgan. It’s just that he’s much more comfortable at home with his guitar than he is out in the world. He rarely enters the Seattle scene: When I mention Linda’s, the bar that used to function as the Elaine’s of Seattle rockdom, he has trouble placing the name. On the infrequent occasions he does go out to dinner, it is often as the plus-one of his wife of six years, Susan Silver, who manages Soundgarden as well as Crackerbox, Sweetwater, Sponge, and Alice in Chains. (He has been with Silver, who was his first real girlfriend, since 1984; they occasionally seem like separate parts of the same superorganism.) Random Cornell sightings in the Northwest are almost as rare as sightings of Bigfoot.

You’ll never read about Cornell in a gossip column. Until now, he’s never agreed to be the subject of a major magazine feature by himself, has never had his adolescent traumas limned by the teen magazines or been psychoanalyzed by the slicks. Though he’s probably granted more than a thousand interviews, his prejudices, neuroses, his views on music are less known than those of less accomplished guys—Scott Weiland or Layne Staley, say, or even Eddie Vedder, who technically doesn’t do interviews at all.
This low media profile is partially due to the fact that Cornell has always wanted Soundgarden to be seen as a band, and partially because guitarist Kim Thayil is so garrulous and opinionated that it’s easy to let him do the press work. (When I was supposed to interview Cornell for Doug Pray’s Seattle-scene documentary Hype! a couple of years ago, he slipped out of the building while the camera crew was still setting up its lights, so that Kim and the drummer Matt Cameron ended up being the only band members talking about Soundgarden in the film.) But it’s also because Chris is so obviously less himself when he’s talking than he is when he’s shut in some room of his own devising, a thousand miles wide. Although in person he’s rarely less than charming, to strangers Cornell can be so shy, so scant of words, that he can seem practically autistic.

I have never seen him smile more broadly than the moment he was told that an article in the Journal of Medical Ethics described happiness as a psychiatric disorder.

Cigarettes help. So do a couple of cranberry and vodkas on the terrace of his hotel room late at night, high above the Sunset Strip, and a view that stretches for miles.

“I’m lucky I get to go out and sing,” Chris says, fumbling for a cigarette lighter, “because when I’m at home, I don’t talk to anyone; I don’t go out socially. My one outlet is that I get to stand in front of five thousand people and sing ‘Outshined.’ When I’m alone between tours, writing songs, I might not speak a word to another human being for a week or two or three.”

Chris gives up on the cigarette lighter and begins toying with the leaves on a ficus.

“People just don’t realize how much fun it is to be depressed,” he says with a grin—this from the man whose moods may have had as much historical impact on the gloominess of Northwest rock as the surfeit of negative ions in the air.

Self-taught Courses vs Coding Bootcamps

A few years ago, I was at a crossroads in my career, trying to teach myself how to code and eagerly searching for the fastest, most affordable path to becoming a software developer. Like many others in my situation, I asked myself: should I continue teaching myself how to code online or attend a coding bootcamp? After 10 months of deliberation, I signed up for Coding Dojo, a programming school in the Bay Area.

These days, I’m seeing more and more people in the same position as I was: stuck between these two options. As someone who’s used bootcamps and self-taught courses to learn to program, I wanted to share some of the insights from my journey. Hopefully, this will help you, or people you may know, navigate your journeys as well. Here’s my breakdown on the top differences between coding bootcamps and online courses.

Self-taught

Fits your schedule
One of the biggest benefits of self-taught courses is that you pick your own schedule. Online courses make it easy to balance school or keep your day job. You can maintain your lifestyle, coding in the evenings and on the weekends.

Unfortunately, this also comes with all the distractions that work and school bring. Very quickly, online courses can become the easiest thing to cut from your schedule, especially as finals approach or work gets busy!

Affordable, Low Barrier for Entry
Luckily, the internet makes learning resources readily accessible and you can get started right away. There’s a huge spectrum of courses, from free material to paid courses of every price range. Even the most expensive online courses can be affordable.

Focusing on free online resources may sound attractive, but to a certain extent, you get what you pay for. The quality and consistency of the material can vary quite a bit, and typically it’s only enough to get you started.

Pay for what you need
Self-teaching enables you to pick and choose the material you need to know, a more à la carte style where you can focus on particular technologies instead of buying into large packages. This makes it a low investment for beginners and lets experienced developers zero in on what they need.

This comes at a price, however. A beginner will have a hard time knowing where to start or which technologies to work with. Without a solid foundation, you wouldn’t know the right courses to pick.

Bootcamps

Faster Learning in Groups
One thing that struck me when I was first placed in a bootcamp environment was how much collaboration accelerated my learning. Talking about concepts, helping others understand them, and communicating about code was a powerful learning tool. Being able to pair with somebody at my level and learn with a fellow student was huge.

This created a more social learning environment; I don’t know if I would have been as successful if I didn’t work with other students going through what I was going through. Learning solo would have made these concepts harder to pick up, and it would have taken much longer.

Cohesive Curriculum and Mentorship = Fast Progress
In a bootcamp, there is more structure to your learning. These are carefully planned out programs that can take months to complete, building up your skills one level of mastery at a time with the mentorship of knowledgeable instructors. This learning style gives you a big picture view and keeps you progressing forward, at a speed difficult to replicate by yourself.

However, the more rigid material can make it more difficult to learn if you don’t keep pace. Move too slowly, you’re going to be spending late nights and long weekends catching up! Move too quickly, and you can be waiting for the rest of the class to catch up.

Full Immersion, No Distractions, Tons of Content
A bootcamp is called a bootcamp for a reason. You eat, drink, sleep, walk, talk, and breathe code for months at a time. You surround yourself in a learning environment, packed with curriculum, push all other distractions off your schedule. With this intensive focus, you get a lot more done in less time and learn new technologies at a rate you wouldn’t think possible.

The flip side is, you’ll have limited time for a social life. Give your friends and loved ones a heads-up, and make arrangements for your pets ahead of time, because these courses are loaded with things to learn. You’ll have very little time for anything else!

Networking
When you join a bootcamp, you’re surrounded by people with the same goal as you: learn how to code. You immediately set foot into a network of developers-in-training with a similar skill set. This is important making a career switch, as you’ll organically create a professional network to leverage for more job opportunities. We’ve seen countless alumni find jobs through referrals from former alumni.

Of course, you can’t stop at the bootcamp. Networking requires constant maintenance, and to give yourself the most opportunities you’ll have to extend your network outside of the bootcamp. Local meetups, hackathons, and online communities are great ways to meet more people who are passionate about tech.

Guidance through the Job Search
Some of the most crucial services bootcamps provide are career guidance. Tech is a new industry for a lot of people and the ground rules for the job search change. What could pass as common wisdom in any other industry might not work when looking for a tech job! Bootcamps help you clear that job search clutter, find your top job prospects, and provide you with the tools to nail the interview.

Keep in mind, as a veteran developer there’s only so much job seeking advice you can get. Sometimes these services might be unnecessary for your skill set. You may be better off tapping into your network for job offers.

Which is the right choice?
When it comes to career switching, it’s hard to beat the immersive and collaborative environments you can get at a coding bootcamp, especially for people who don’t have a background in code. In just three months, the bootcamp life was able to impart more technical knowledge in me than ten months of self-study.

But that doesn’t mean online courses don’t have their merits. They’re flexible, cheap, and easy to access, and there’s actually a large population of developers in the tech industry who are self-taught. Furthermore, even as a bootcamp grad, I still use online courses and hunt out free material. Self-teaching is convenient and affordable, works around my schedule, and now I have the skills to know what courses I want to learn. Even when I first started out, I was able to get a taste of the coding world while working a full-time job.

Venus Is Hiding A Secret We Could Finally Find Out

enus has managed to hide many secrets in its toxic swirls, but we might be on the verge of revealing one of them.

NASA’s Planetary Science Deep Space SmallSat Studies (PSDS3) is now funding a team of scientists and engineers at its Goddard Space Flight Center to advance a CubeSat concept for a mission to investigate what is absorbing so many UV rays in the uppermost layer of its clouds.

When you look at a picture of Venus in visible light, the planet really isn’t all that attractive. It doesn’t have the cosmic rings of Saturn or the whorls of Jupiter or the otherworldly blue shades of Neptune and Uranus. Flip the switch to UV and suddenly you’re looking at a magical marbled orb. This is because something —what exactly is the thing scientists want to find out—is absorbing ultraviolet rays. How dark the swirls get depends on how much UV light they absorb, but we still don’t know what the absorber actually is.

The CubeSat UV Experiment aka CUVE that NASA is backing will use ultraviolet-sensitive instruments including a spectrometer, a miniature UV camera and an unprecedented carbon-nanotube light-gathering mirror, which admittedly sounds like something straight out of Star Trek, to probe the poisonous Venusian atmosphere.

The only things Venus has in common with Earth are its size and structure. Besides that, its carbon dioxide atmosphere congested with sulfuric acid clouds is nowhere you’d want to live even if you could. Unless you’re turned on to the idea of a place where so much heat is trapped by a runaway greenhouse effect that the surface temperature becomes hot enough for even lead to be liquefied.

“Since the maximum absorption of solar energy by Venus occurs in the ultraviolet, determining the nature, concentration, and distribution of the unknown absorber is fundamental,” said CUVE Principal Investigator Valeria Cottini. “This is a highly-focused mission — perfect for a CubeSat application.”

CUVE is not the first mission sent to Venus by NASA or any other space program, but it could beam back some important revelations about the nature of the mysterious UV absorber. Some scientists theorize that the absorber is dragged to the tops of the planet’s clouds by convective processes and then whirled around by wind. What we do know from previously observing the planet is that the upper layer of those sulfuric acid clouds absorbs half its solar energy in the ultraviolet. The reason it looks so boring to us Earthlings is because other wavelengths, including those the human eye can actually see, are reflected or scattered into space.

It should take CUVE about a year and a half to reach Venus, where it will spend six months transmitting data from the alien atmosphere.